If you observe the Maria Montessori philosophy you will see that there is no specific writing on art in a Montessori classroom, we can only imagine the appreciation Dr. Montessori must have had for this approach to learning. Her emphasis on order, neatness, and love of nature gives further indication that she would support artworks within a Montessori classroom.
In addition to the general appreciation of art, activities within a Montessori early childhood classroom involve fine motor development, math, science, language, and sensorial. Integrating art into other learning areas is key to introducing art to children.We must help the child to act for himself, will for himself, think for himself; this is the art of those who aspire to serve the spirit.”So today I decided to take it as responsible to explore the act of montessori ART with us, the materials, the activities, the skills and the creativity attached to all activities, and I’m positive you will find this class interesting.
In today’s class I will be exploring with us on a special topic ART IN THE MONTESSORI ENVIRONMENT. Montessori Art focuses on the process and allowing the child to truly experience art on his own terms.
As will all know children are born naturally interested in art. So, then, our job is to nurture that natural tendency towards creativity.
I think you will agree that art is about the experience the child has with the materials, the mediums, and the textures that ultimately create the art.
This idea is known as process artAs for most adults, our goal is to produce a product. The child interacts with the world differently. The child works to develop self. The focus is on the process not the product.
Once a child creates something, he does not feel the need to keep the product. It is the process that gives him satisfaction and inner joy.When it comes to art, it is the process not the product that is important to the child.
That’s why anytime I meet leaders in education I try my best to convince them that I’M NOT TEACHING THE CHILD ART FOR HIM TO BECOME AN ARTIST IN FUTURE BUT TO ENABLE THE CHILD PASS THROUGH THE CREATIVE PROCESS.Getting this point across to parents may be a challenge. “Make something for me today,” is a phrase parents say to children. An explanation and then a friendly reminder will help them change their mind set:
“It’s the process, not the product.”
I’m sure you will try your best to educate them as from tomorrow that it’s the process, not the product ❤️💓👀💖💔💗❤️😃❤️WHAT IS ART
Art is a creative activity produced by human imagination and expression, typically through visual and written forms: drawing, painting, sculpture, literature, music, dance. The works are created and inspired primarily for their beauty and their emotional power.
WHAT IS CRAFTS
Craft is an activity involving skill and technique in making or duplicating something by hand: woodwork, pottery, textiles, knitting, jewelry. Their primary use is both practical and purposeful in daily living and educationLET’S TALK ABOUT The Difference between Art and Craft
The two terms, ‘art’ and ‘craft,’ are commonly used interchangeably to describe children’s activities. This creates confusion about the true nature of the genres; each is defined by differing characteristics:Montessori Art Activities, Materials, & Shelf Ideas
You won’t find crafts or step by step art projects in a Montessori environment please note
More often than not, an art project is integrated into other areas of the classroom such as language (storytelling), history (visual representations of time), math (beadwork), and geography (tracing & coloring maps).
This is what I call effective art in Montessori environment 👌Let’s talk about Montessori Art Theory in a Few Words
So, what is behind Montessori art? Here are a few words used to describe Montessori art.
Process Not Product
SensoryBase on your philosophy of education
You can integrate it and also have it as a separate subject ( ART APPRECIATION)Ways Art is Beneficial to Children
Fine motor development
Brings joy and happiness
Introduces math and science concepts
Develops attention to detail and awareness of the environment
Concentration & focus
Encourages an appreciation of the creative expression of othersBecause multiple ways can be use to achieve Maria Montessori activities through 🎨ART
How to Prepare the Environment
💕Create ground rules with the children for the art space and maybe even assign jobs to help keep the space clean
💕 Get Aprons or improvise with old clothes
💗A variety of mediums with which to do art such as tissue paper, card boards, watercolor paper, paper towels, botton, sequences, beds, fabric, poster colour, glitter,and many more
💗A designated spot for artwork to dry, use a rope
💗Splat mats and plastic table coverings
💗table mats which you can create for them
❤️Storage for art supplies and finished artwork
💔Liquid Water Color
💓Containers and baskets for various beads, gems, crafts sticks, pom poms, and other supplies
💖Variety of brushes and painting tools
💗Various types of glue, uhu gum, top bondHow to Support Creativity in a Child
Be open-minded about messes, mediums, and the direction of the child.
Learn about art processes and materials.
Understand what it means to be creative and the myriad of definitions that exist.
Read about the impact of creativity on brain development.
Embrace the idea of “failure” as an opportunity.
Prepare the environment for the creative art process.
Prepare yourself with appropriate responses to a child’s work.
Attend art related workshops ( hands-on)I’m No Picasso! ( I can’t draw oooo)
You might be thinking, “I’m not an artist.”, “I don’t have endless amounts of classroom prep time.” or “My budget is limited.” Have no fear.
You can include art in your classroom with minimal effort. Just Start slowly. Think if recycling ♻️Steps to Creating Your Own Art Lesson
Observe Your Child & Determine a Need
Determine the Prerequisites
Determine the Aim
Structure the Exercise
Create the Exercise
Practice the Exercise
Present the ExerciseMake Art Connections Throughout the Classroom
Incorporate art in all subjects, I remember last week in one of my class We explore art and science.
It was magic to the children ✨💛💖I have more step by step art on my YouTube channel
And relearnDo self-portraits. Talk about what portraits and self-portraits are. Set up a work with a mirror, paper, and colored pencils.Discover mood. What mood/emotions does the painting evoke? (sad? happy? calm? silly? tired? angry?).
Play with color. What color palette did the artist use?Lastly
Art Appreciation and Art IdeasGive children words. Art appreciation is full of new vocabulary: Impressionism, Cubism, Pointillism; Realism; foreground, background; palette; fresco; bronze; Ife art, benin art, not culture, clay work, ; statueConnect with local artists. If you have parents in your school who is an artists, perhaps arrange for them to visit the classroom. A field trip to an artist’s studio would be a valuable experience for the children.
How do artists set up their studios? How do artists care for their art materials?Talk about inspiration. Discuss who or what inspired the artist (a child? a dog? the ocean?).Clay: Make pinch pots. Discuss different types of pottery and their uses (decorative, utilitarian).Drawing and coloring: The use of crayons, colored pencils, chalk, pastels, and charcoal may be used. Encourage the child to decorate their paper work such as decorating their mathematical papers, or in decorating their language booklets.
Painting: Such as finger painting on a tabletop. Have the child use their fingers to paint directly on a tabletop. Then you place a piece of paper onto the paint and lift to reveal the painting. Then they are able to clean the table once they are done. Tempera paint should be used for easel work.
Printing: This can be done into pieces of soap and with nature by using fruits and vegetables.
Rubbing: This is nice work to do with leaves or any non-even surface.Paper Work: Work such as folding paper, tearing paper, cutting paper, paper for collage, and paper for weaving.
Modeling: Natural clay allows the child to touch something that is real, and a history lesson can fit easily into this work.
Fabric: Sowing, fancy stitchery, weaving, allows the child to make his own fabrics.
Collage: You will have to decide what kind of materials you will use. For example, you can use different pastas, different little items and knick-knacks.
Designing: This may be done during the child’s work with collage as well as with work done with the Metal Insets.Conclusion
Above all, be sure to give art to the child so it can awaken a creative path. Give the child the experiences, which can be absorbed. Teach the child about the great artwork of his homeland and of the world. It is an area in which all of us can find great activity, and which satisfies all of us.
Odetola Ebenezer Israel